Basic Protection

Now that we know the types of photos, it is time to find out how to take photos to produce a photographic work. A photographer initially has to master the camera and how it works.


The term focusing in photography is the process of sharpening images in a particular field of an object of photography. Focusing is the most basic technique but it is so important, because to get sharp and clear images we have to focus precisely. The choice of a particular field or point in an object image will determine the impression of “depth” in a photograph. The object that we will face in shooting is not just a stationary object, but we will also be faced with a moving object (such as a sports photo), this will affect the level of difficulty in focusing. For the learning phase, do focusing on stationary objects first until we understand the precise focusing technique.

Speed ​​Settings

The negative combustion process in the camera to get certain images is influenced by the way the camera works and the shutter speed. We can determine the shutter speed when burning with speed settings. The higher the speed (high speed) that we use, the faster the shutter works and vice versa, the lower the speed (low speed) that we use, the slower the shutter will work. In the world of photography there are terms of normal lighting (normal exposure), low lighting (under exposure) and high lighting (over exposure). Normal lighting is where we determine the right speed and diaphragm to get the image as in the actual state of the object image. Over exposure (high exposure) is compensation for the speed setting to get more lighting intensity than normal lighting and the resulting image is brighter than the original condition. Under exposure (low lighting) is exposure compensation at speed settings to reduce light intensity under normal lighting. Under exposure is often used when light conditions in shooting are too harsh so compensating will be needed to get the maximum image.

Diaphragm Settings

An interesting photo is where the photo has a dimension of space or depth impression. Diaphragm facility on the camera lens plays an important role in regulating the separation between the background plane and the main object. The diaphragm also determines how wide the sharp space in the photo. The smaller the diaphragm opening the wider the sharp space we can get and the bigger the aperture the narrower the sharper space in the photo.

Introduction To The Types Of Photos

Photographing is a process of creativity that is not just aiming at the object that we are going to record and then pressing the shutter button on the camera. In creating a photographic work we must have an idea (concept) that is mature so as not to experience difficulties in the field and that is not less important is to understand the composition, sharpness and lighting (technical).


This type of photo material aims to introduce several types of photos as a further reference in deepening the knowledge of the world of photography. The types of photos here are only as an outline grouping, which helps facilitate us in understanding a photographic work, and this is not a classification of patents to produce photographs

Human photos are all photographs whose main objects are humans, both children to the elderly, young and old. The main element in this photo is humans, who can offer value and appeal to be visualized. This photo is further divided into several categories, namely:

a. Portrait

Portrait is a photo that shows human expression and character in their daily lives. Different human characters will offer their own image in making portrait photos. The challenge in making portrait photos is to be able to capture object expressions (mimics, gazes, facial wrinkles) that are able to give an emotional impression and create one’s character.

b. Human Interest

Human Interest in photography is describing human life or human interaction in daily life as well as emotional expressions that show humans with their life problems, all of which bring a sense of interest and sympathy for those who enjoy the photo.

c. Stage Photography

Stage Photography are all photos that show human activities / lifestyles that are part of the culture and entertainment world to be exploited and become interesting material to be visualized.

d. Sport

Sports photos are types of photos that capture interesting and spectacular action in sports events and matches. This type of photo requires the accuracy and speed of a photographer in capturing the best moments.

In this type of photo nature the main objects are natural objects and living things (natural) such as animals, plants, mountains, forests and others.

a. Flora Photos

Types of photographs with the main object of plants and plants are known as flora photos. Various types of plants with all their diversity offer the value of beauty and appeal to be recorded with a camera.

b. Photos of Fauna

Photo fauna is a type of photo with various types of animals as the main object. This photo shows the attraction of the animal world in its activities and interactions.

c. Landscape Photos

Landscape photos are a type of photo that is as popular as human photos. Landscape photos are photos of the natural landscape consisting of elements of sky, land and water, while humans, animals and plants are only supporting elements in this photo. Natural expressions and weather are the main moments in assessing the success of making landscape photos.

Wherever you go you will find buildings in various sizes, shapes, colors and designs. In this type of photo displays the beauty of a building both in terms of history, culture, design and construction. Photograph a building from various sides and find the value of its beauty to be very important in making this photo. This architectural photo is inseparable from the excitement of the world of architecture and civil engineering so that this type of photo becomes quite an important role.

Still life photos are creating an image of an object or inanimate object. Making drawings of inanimate objects into something interesting and looking “alive”, communicative, expressive and containing the message to be conveyed is the most important part in the creation of this photographic work. Still life photos are not just copying or moving objects into the film in a makeshift way, because if that’s the case, the name is documenting. This type of photo is a type of photo that is challenging in testing creativity, imagination, and technical ability.

Journalistic photos are photos used for the benefit of the press or information. In delivering the message, there must be a caption (writing that explains the contents of the photo) as part of the presentation of this type of photo. This type of photo is often encountered in the mass media (newspapers, magazines, bulletins, etc.).