Basic Protection

Now that we know the types of photos, it is time to find out how to take photos to produce a photographic work. A photographer initially has to master the camera and how it works.


The term focusing in photography is the process of sharpening images in a particular field of an object of photography. Focusing is the most basic technique but it is so important, because to get sharp and clear images we have to focus precisely. The choice of a particular field or point in an object image will determine the impression of “depth” in a photograph. The object that we will face in shooting is not just a stationary object, but we will also be faced with a moving object (such as a sports photo), this will affect the level of difficulty in focusing. For the learning phase, do focusing on stationary objects first until we understand the precise focusing technique.

Speed ​​Settings

The negative combustion process in the camera to get certain images is influenced by the way the camera works and the shutter speed. We can determine the shutter speed when burning with speed settings. The higher the speed (high speed) that we use, the faster the shutter works and vice versa, the lower the speed (low speed) that we use, the slower the shutter will work. In the world of photography there are terms of normal lighting (normal exposure), low lighting (under exposure) and high lighting (over exposure). Normal lighting is where we determine the right speed and diaphragm to get the image as in the actual state of the object image. Over exposure (high exposure) is compensation for the speed setting to get more lighting intensity than normal lighting and the resulting image is brighter than the original condition. Under exposure (low lighting) is exposure compensation at speed settings to reduce light intensity under normal lighting. Under exposure is often used when light conditions in shooting are too harsh so compensating will be needed to get the maximum image.

Diaphragm Settings

An interesting photo is where the photo has a dimension of space or depth impression. Diaphragm facility on the camera lens plays an important role in regulating the separation between the background plane and the main object. The diaphragm also determines how wide the sharp space in the photo. The smaller the diaphragm opening the wider the sharp space we can get and the bigger the aperture the narrower the sharper space in the photo.