All About Project Management Education and Certification

While you will always find those who make an argument that experience matters more than education, successful project managers should build a personal portfolio that includes both formal academic education as well as certifications geared to the type of project management methodology they typically practice slot joker online. While a degree is not necessarily required to become an IT project manager, you’ll find few employers willing to hire individuals without one.

By way of example, we conducted an informal job search of several popular job boards and reviewed real-world requirements of prospective employers. In addition to experience, all required some type of certification. Except for a single post, all employers required at least a bachelor-level degree in computer science, information management systems, information technology or some similar field.

In addition to technical degrees and project management certifications, academic degrees in project management are increasing in popularity. Those interested in pursuing a degree in project management will find numerous programs available. Examples of a few of the degreed project management programs we found included Colorado Technical University’s Bachelor of Science in Business Administration: Project Management (BSBA-PM), Ashford University’s Bachelor of Arts in Project Management, while Colorado State University’s Global Campus offers a Bachelor of Project Management degree.

What does a Bookkeeper do?

Bookkeeping, in the traditional sense, has been around as long as there has been commerce – since around 2600 B.C. A bookkeeper’s job is to maintain complete records of all money that has come in and gone out of the business Situs Nonton Movie Sub Indo. Bookkeepers record daily transactions in a consistent, easy-to-read way, and their records enable the accountants to do their jobs.

These are some typical bookkeeping tasks:

  • Recording financial transactions
  • Posting debits and credits
  • Producing invoices
  • Managing payroll

Maintaining and balancing ledgers, accounts, and subsidiaries
One of the main duties of a bookkeeper is maintaining a general ledger, which is a document that records the amounts from sale and expense receipts. Ledgers can vary in complexity from a sheet of paper to specialized bookkeeping software, such as QuickBooks and Xero, to track their entries, debits, and credits. [Looking for accounting software? Check out our best picks.]

Each sale and purchase made by your business must be recorded in the ledger, and some items will need documentation. You can find more information on which transactions require supporting documents on the IRS website.

There are not any formal educational requirements to become a bookkeeper, but one must be knowledgeable about financial topics and terms and strive for accuracy. Generally, a bookkeeper’s work is overseen by an accountant or the small business owner. A bookkeeper, though, is not an accountant, nor should they be considered to be an accountant.

Key takeaway: Bookkeepers can record financial transactions, post debits and credits, create invoices, manage payroll, and maintain and balance the books.

Startup Costs Every Business Should Know About

Because every business is different, your exact startup costs will depend on your business’s needs and specifications situs judi online. For example, a brick-and-mortar store will likely have higher startup costs than an online business, and a coffee shop requires different equipment and furniture than a bookstore.

However, some types of startup costs apply to most types of businesses.

Research costs
Though this is optional, some business owners hire market research firms to help them assess the industry and market before starting their business. You can save money by doing this step on your own, but if you hire a research firm, include this cost in your business plan. [Read related article: How to Conduct a Market Analysis for Your Business]

Borrowing costs
Creating any new business requires a lot of capital, which is usually acquired in one of two ways: equity financing or debt financing. Debt financing means borrowing money directly, whereas equity financing means selling a stake in your company to receive financial backing. Most businesses take out small business loans – including SBA loans – from banks or other lenders.

If you take out a loan, calculate the costs of the loan payments into your budget, and ensure payments are made on time.

Insurance, licensing and permit fees
As you write your business plan, research the licenses, permits or insurance required of your business. You should carry some form of insurance to cover yourself, your employees, and your business assets from any liabilities that may arise, and be sure you consider the continuing cost of renewing licenses or permits as needed. [Read related article: An Insurance Primer for Small Businesses]

Technology costs
This is an umbrella category that covers anything from the cost of creating and maintaining a website, setting up information systems, computers, and the use of accounting software and a payroll service.

Some small businesses may outsource their payroll and accounting needs to save money, though there are many budget-friendly options available. There are also plenty of ways to save on other technology costs, such as building your website.

“The cost of building out a website with customized graphics ran me about $1,200,” said Jonathan Mandell, CEO of Teepee. “I primarily used contractors on Upwork and Fiverr.”

Panduan Daftar Pkv Games Termudah

Bermain kartu online memang terbilang mudah. Hanya login pkv games di situs terpercaya maka Anda akan mendapatkan berbagai permainan menarik dari kartu online. Permainan kartu sebenarnya sudah dimainkan sejak dahulu kala. Namun cara memainkannya pemain harus datang langsung untuk menikmati permainan kartu asli. Saat ini cara bermain secara offline sudah tidak dilakukan. Kini hanya bergabung dan daftar di situs terpercaya pkv Anda sudah bisa bermain kartu online dengan puas.

Cara Pendaftaran Pkv Games

Bagi Anda para pemula yang akan daftar pkv games di situs terbaik, maka cara untuk melakukannya sangat mudah. Sama halnya dengan melakukan pendaftaran di situs judi lainnya, dengan menggunakan pkv ini bisa dilakukan oleh semua kalangan yang sudah berusia 18 tahun ke atas. Bagi Anda yang sudah memenuhi syarat ini, maka lakukan pendaftaran dengan mudah hanya di situs terpercaya yang akan menjamin kenyamanan Anda bermain.

Masuk Ke Dalam Situs

Cara pertama yang harus Anda lakukan adalah silahkan masuk ke dalam situs terpercaya yang sudah Anda temukan. Kemudian jika sudah selesai maka secara otomatis Anda akan masuk ke halaman situs tersebut.

Klik Menu Daftar

Terdapat dua menu di halaman utama situs. Pertama yaitu login dan kedua yaitu daftar. Silahkan klik menu daftar dan buatlah akun dengan memasukkan beberapa data yang dibutuhkan.

Mengisi Form

Di dalam menu pendaftaran ini Anda harus mengisi form pendaftaran berupa data diri Anda. Pastikan Anda sudah memasukkan nama dan nomor rekening bank dengan benar. Kemudian tidak lupa masukkan nomor hp yang aktif dan alamat email yang masih digunakan.

Membuat Password

Langkah selanjutnya silahkan buat password dengan maksimal 6 digit. Password ini dibuat jika Anda akan masuk ke dalam akun milik Anda nanti. Kemudian ketika data sudah terisi semua maka silahkan klik submit. Dengan begitu pendaftaran Anda  akan segera di proses. Jika berhasil maka Anda akan mendapatkan notifikasi.

Hanya dengan cara mudah di atas, Anda bisa mendapatkan akun pkv dengan cepat. Daftarkan diri Anda dengan menggunakan situs pkv yang terpercaya.

Ways Your Business Can Slash Expenses Now

When you feel the time has come to slash business expenses Situs Slot joker to reduce overheads, then there are plenty of different approaches to achieve this goal. Needless to say, when there’s been too little attention on spending less up until now, they’ll be greater opportunities for savings. However, don’t despair – there are always a few ways to make it happen.

Here are five ways that your business can save money.

1. Purchase Recycled Office Furniture
Whether you’re wanting to replace tired desks or chairs that are now proving unstable or a new office is being equipped, it’s necessary to set the office up with what the staff needs.

While companies often only look at buying new furnishings, there is another option, and that’s used office furniture, including workstations, chairs, desks, tables. Near new workstations, for example, are a good purchase for startups with a limited budget. With more than half of all new businesses going to the wall every year, many of these companies sell off their office equipment and chattels making it a far more affordable option for businesses keen to improve their carbon footprint. Used office furniture from reputable suppliers is high-quality and often comes with a warranty.

2. Optimise the Marketing Plan
Instead of marketing across many different channels and seeing varying results with each one, try narrowing the marketing strategy down. Examine the results to determine which channels and marketing campaigns have delivered the most customers at the lowest customer acquisition cost. In case that’s unclear, the customer acquisition cost is based on the average amount that it was necessary to spend to secure one new customer.

Once you know this information, it’s possible to tweak advertising plans to only spend on the most profitable campaigns from a customer acquisition standpoint. This optimises the current marketing approach to reduce the total marketing spend while delivering the same results.

3. Reduce Recruitment Costs
Look for ideas that will cut down on recruitment costs.
For instance, ask existing outperforming staff for a recommendation of a friend or colleague who might be interested in joining the company. Also, see if there’s anyone that you’ve been impressed with who could be invited to come on board.

Cara Daftar Di Situs Judi Pkv

Ada banyak orang ingin mencoba secara langsung judi qq online dan mencari untung besar di dalam judi tersebut. Menjadi seorang player dalam judi qq atau pkv dapat Anda lakukan dengan sangat mudah dan yang pasti menjanjikan. Syarat dan ketentuan yang harus anda selesaikan juga cukup mudah dipahami. Pada dasarnya Anda harus miliki akun judi qq pribadi sehingga Anda wajib daftar situs pkv games 2021 dan berikut panduan daftar yang mudah untuk Anda.

Tentukan Situs Tujuan

Jika anda hendak daftar judi qq online untuk main pkv dengan puas tentu saja Anda wajib untuk pilih 1 situs yang akan menjadi tujuan Anda daftar dan main. Hal ini adalah hal yang penting bagi anda karena situs memiliki pengaruh besar untuk memberi jaminan untung pada Anda.

Disini anda harus pilih situs yang menawarkan banyak layanan agar dari segi sarana prasarana Anda bisa main judi lebih nyaman. Layanan dengan kualitas terbaik pada situs menjadi hal yang penting untuk Anda perhatikan sehingga jangan salah pilih situs judi qq online agar tidak rugi.

Ikuti Proses Daftar

Anda bisa cari atau akses situs yang sudah menjadi tujuan Anda untuk daftar akun judi qq online ini. Akses dan masuk pada situs tersebut lalu di tampilan utama dari situs Anda bisa pilih menu daftar. Akan muncul formulir khusus daftar yang harus anda isi dan lengkapi dengan data.

Lengkapi semua kolom di dalam form ini dengan data yang valid agar Anda bisa nikmati proses daftar yang cepat tanpa harus mengulang. Setelah selesai Anda bisa proses akhir dari daftar judi qq tersebut hanya dengan klik tombol daftar pada bawah form dan tunggu proses selesai.

Bagaimana, mudah dan cepat untuk proses dari daftar akun judi qq online? Segera gabung judi ini dan nikmati banyak layanan terbaik dari judi qq yang anda mainkan. Untuk tambahan anda dapat daftar judi qq dengan gratis atau cuma cuma dalam situs yang terbaik.

Trik Main Judi QQ Online

Bermain judi qq online tentu menjadi salah satu hal yang cukup menantang karena Anda harus main judi ini dengan banyak cara yang wajib untuk Anda pelajari. Judi qq online akan memberi Anda untung yang besar saat Anda main serta peroleh kemenangan dalam judi ini. Ya, untung yang besar mampu memikat banyak orang sehingga player judi tertarik untuk daftar situs pkv games 2021 dan mainkan judi qq online. Agar anda menang Anda harus tahu trik main judi qq online dan berikut trik terbaiknya.

Berpindah Meja Taruhan

Trik dalam bermain judi qq online tentu saja cukup luas karena ada banyak jenis judi qq online yang bisa anda mainkan. Namun secara umum trik yang dapat anda pakai salah satunya adalah main judi dengan pindah meja jika anda kurang beruntung pada meja sebelumnya.

Silahkan anda pindah meja untuk main judi online qq tersebut dan cari peluang yang berbeda agar anda memiliki keberuntungan yang mendukung anda dari hal kartu yang Anda peroleh atau lawan bermain Anda yang kurang mumpuni di dalam bermain judi qq dan 1 meja bermain Anda.

Pahami Banyak Teknik

Judi qq online tentu saja bisa anda mainkan dengan banyak teknik karena untuk main judi yang satu ini anda tidak harus mengandalkan keberuntungan anda seterusnya. Ya, Anda harus main judi dengan teknik yang mendukung agar peluang Anda untuk menang judi makin besar.

Salah satu teknik yang tepat adalah bluffing, di mana anda mengelabui lawan dengan memilih opsi all in atau pasang seluruh taruhan agar lawan ragu untuk lanjut dan menyerah. Teknik ini valid untuk Anda lakukan di situs judi qq dan kami jamin anda bisa menang dari teknik tersebut.

Sekian ulasan dari kami terkait dengan trik yang tepat untuk Anda bermain judi qq online yang dijamin lebih mendukung Anda menjanjikan kemenangan pada Anda. Masih ada banyak trik trik yang lain dan wajib untuk Anda pelajari agar anda makin berwawasan dalam judi tersebut.

Physicists Just Solved a 35-Year-Old Mystery Hidden Inside Atomic Cores

Here’s a mysterious truth that scientists have known since 1983: Protons and neutrons act differently when they’re inside an atom, versus floating freely through space. Specifically, the subatomic particles that make up those protons and neutrons, Iphone Cases, slow down massively once they’re confined to a nucleus in an atom.

Physicists really didn’t like this, because neutrons are neutrons whether they’re inside an atom or not. And protons are protons. Both protons and neutrons (which together make up the class of particles called “nucleons”) are made up of three smaller particles, called quarks, bound together by the strong force.

“When you put quarks into a nucleus and LG Cases, they start to move slower, and that is very weird,” said study co-author Or Hen, a physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. That’s strange because the powerful interactions between quarks mainly determine their speed, whereas forces that bind the nucleus (and also act on quarks inside the nucleus) are supposed to be very weak, Hen added.

And there’s no other known force that should be modifying the behavior of quarks in a nucleus so intensely. Yet, the effect remains: Particle physicists call it the EMC effect, named for the European Muon Collaboration, the group that discovered it. And until recently, scientists weren’t sure what caused it. [The Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics]

Two particles in a nucleus are typically pulled together by a force of around 8 million electron volts (8 MeV), a measure of energy in particles. Quarks in a proton or neutron are bound together by about 1,000 MeV. So it doesn’t make sense that the comparatively mild interactions of the nucleus are dramatically impacting the powerful interactions inside quarks, Hen told Live Science.

“What is eight next to 1,000?” he said.

But the EMC effect doesn’t look like a mild nudge from an outside force. Though it varies from one sort of nucleus to the next, “It’s not like half a percent. The effect pops out of the data once you are creative enough to design an experiment to look for it,” Hen said.

John David Rothstein Settles With Regulators

Earlier this week, the Ontario Securities Commission (or “OSC”), announced that they had reached a settlement with one of the men that they had accused of participating in an insider trading scheme in advance of the Amaya or Judi Online takeover in 2014.

John David Rothstein, formerly of Aston Hill Financial, will be forced to pay $11,000 in penalties and disgorgement. In addition, Rothstein will be banned from trading for two years.

Rothstein’s quick settlement likely means that he will be called to testify in the pending cases against Ben Cheng, Eric Tremblay and Frank Soave.

According to the Ontario Securities Commission, Aston Hill Financial had agreed to participate in the financing for Amaya’s $4 billion acquisition of Pokerstars in 2014.

Ben Cheng, Aston Hill’s former co-chief investment officer, reportedly told Rothstein that he should “inform others, who had lost money on certain other investments promoted by AHF” of the pending transaction. Rothstein, in addition to buying shares of Amaya for himself, also reportedly told an associate at CIBC Wood Gundy, Frank Soave, of the pending transaction. Soave also bought shares for himself, reportedly banking close to $100,000.

In settling with the OSC, Rothstein was given credit for his cooperation. In addition, the Ontario Securities Commission considered Rothstein’s lack of issues with regulators in the past, as well as his young family.

In situations like these, regulators will usually look to settle quickly with somebody in order to use them as a witness against others that have been named. In this case, the OSC settled with Rothstein and will likely use him in order to gain settlements or convictions against Cheng, Tremblay and Soave.


Poker can be a complicated and intimidating Situs Poker Online, especially when first learning. One wrong move can see players lose their entire chip stack instantly. If players persevere and learn some simple basics of the game, then poker can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience. To that end, here are 10 tips beginners can use to help learn the basics and start playing.

  1. Avoid Playing Every Hand.

Playing every hand is a common mistake beginners often make. The mantra that you have to be “in it, to win it” does not hold true in poker. Figuring out when to cut losses and fold can be as crucial as knowing the card rankings. Realistically every hand dealt has a chance of winning; there are just some that have a higher chance than others. So players should be selective about how many hands they play in a game, and above all, learn to fold.

  1. Bluffing Is Only Useful In Moderation, If At All.

Bluffing can be a useful tactic for winning big pots when the cards aren’t going your way. Doing it every round though is a deadly trap beginners often fall prey to; other players will eventually catch on to the deception. Poker is a game of deceit and once other players figure out your playing style, it’s all over. Watching poker related content often portrays bluffing in a positive light, they show significant wins with a crafty player bluffing their way to victory, but it in reality, bluffing usually results in bleeding chips with cards that should be instantly folded. When first learning how to play, it’s better to play the cards you’re dealt competently rather than bluff. Obviously, beginners can try it out a few times, keep in mind though it’s rare for players to master quickly. Bluffing takes knowledge, lots of practice and should be avoided by new players until they have a better understanding of the game.

  1. Think About Other Players Cards, Not Just Your Own.

The difference between a good poker player and a great one is thinking about other player’s cards. Figuring out what other players have is half the battle, knowledge is power in poker and the more knowledge you have, the more you’ll win. Figuring out what cards other people have is a skill that players develop over years of playing, and it’s important for beginners to develop this skill early. Knowing when other players have stronger cards could be the difference between winning and losing. This skill helps beginners learn when to fold, and when to bet.

  1. Try To Play Against Other Beginners.  

Playing against high-level veterans who have been playing poker for years is a sure fire way to lose, and quickly. Playing against other beginners will allow you to try new tricks, learn the card rankings and get away with tactics that won’t work on higher level players. If you are better than everyone else at the table, and play your cards correctly, it should increase the odds of winning in the long run as well.

  1. Consider Table Position.

Playing a hand when in the correct table position can be as crucial as the cards themselves. Often, the last to act is the best position because it allows you to see what everyone else is doing, figure out a strategy and gain potential knowledge on other players by the way they bet or fold.  For example, if you have seen only weak bets, there is a chance nobody has highly ranked cards, you can take a chance and make a big bet to project strength. Or if the betting is getting massive, it could mean some people have highly ranked cards, and the last to act can opt out without risking anything. Only playing when in a good table position can give new players the edge they need to win.